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Immunity is indicated by the presence of antibodies in the blood and can usually be determined with a laboratory test. Outbreak: Sudden appearance of a disease in a specific geographic area (e.g.neighborhood or community) or population (e.g., adolescents).The Affordable Care Act – the health insurance reform legislation passed by Congress and signed into law by President Obama on March 23, 2010 – helps make prevention affordable and accessible for all Americans by requiring health plans to cover preventive services and by eliminating cost sharing for those services.Preventive services that have strong scientific evidence of their health benefits must be covered and plans can no longer charge a patient a copayment, coinsurance or deductible for these services when they are delivered by a network provider.Bypassing the Legislature altogether, Republican Gov. Rick Perry issued an order Friday making Texas the first state to require that schoolgirls get vaccinated against the sexually transmitted virus that causes cervical cancer.
This is known as "community immunity." The principle of community immunity applies to control of a variety of contagious diseases, including influenza, measles, mumps, rotavirus, and pneumococcal disease.
In developing nations, where 80-85% of the annual deaths from cervical cancer occur, the vaccine has an enormous potential to save thousands of lives.
As a result, the GAVI alliance, an international vaccine coalition connecting the public and private sectors in order to provide low-income and poor children with vaccines, is expected to support HPV vaccination in 28 countries by the end of 2017.
Each year, states and other grantees are asked to provide an update of any changes in childcare and school entry vaccination requirements.
This annual update reflects state laws, regulations, or rules that impose vaccination requirements for enrollment and attendance in childcare facilities, kindergartens, middle schools, and colleges.